Oct. 1, 2022 through Sept. 30, 2023 SNAP Eligibility in Virginia
There are three eligibility tests for SNAP: the Gross Income, the Net Income, and the Asset tests.
Depending on your state and whether your household has an elderly (over 60) or disabled member, your household may be exempt from the Gross Income, Net Income, and/or Asset tests. Virginia has expanded eligibility beyond the standard federal SNAP eligibility requirements.
While the Gross Income and Asset tests are straightforward, Net Income is more difficult to calculate. We recommend using our SNAP Eligibility Calculator to see you're income eligible for SNAP benefits.
Gross Income LimitsTotal monthly household income before taxes, including job, self-employment, and other income like social security, disability, child support, worker's comp, unemployment, and pension income.
If Any Household Members are Elderly or Disabled
If the household has an elderly or disabled member but is over the gross income limit below, the household can instead qualify by meeting the Net Income and Asset tests.1 people$2266 / month2 people$3052 / month3 people$3840 / month4 people$4626 / month5 people$5412 / month6 people$6200 / month7 people$6986 / monthEach additional person+$788 / monthThe gross income limit for households with any elderly or disabled member that don't meet the asset test is 200% of the federal poverty level.All Other Households
The gross income limit is 200% of the federal poverty level.
1 people$2266 / month
2 people$3052 / month
3 people$3840 / month
4 people$4626 / month
5 people$5412 / month
6 people$6200 / month
7 people$6986 / month
Each additional person+$788 / month
Net Income LimitsGross income minus deductions. At the bottom of the page are some of the expenses that can be deducted to calculate net income. It's difficult to calculate net income without a SNAP calculator as there are additional deductions based on earned income and limits on amount of shelter-related deductions.
SNAP benefit amounts are based on a household's net income: in general $100 more in net income = $30 less in benefits.
Households with an elderly or disabled member only have to meet this test if they did not pass the Gross Income test above. All other households do not have to meet this test.
SNAP benefit amounts are based on Net Income. Even if the household passes all the eligibility tests, Net Income may be too high to get a benefit.1 people$1133 / month2 people$1526 / month3 people$1920 / month4 people$2313 / month5 people$2706 / month6 people$3100 / month7 people$3493 / monthEach additional person+$394 / monthThe net income limit is 100% of the federal poverty level.
Asset / Resource LimitThis means countable resources, like funds in bank accounts. A home is not counted as a resource.
There is no asset limit in Virginia. If the household has an elderly or disabled member and did not meet the Gross Income test above, there is an asset limit of $4250.Deduction
Child Support Payments TreatmentCourt ordered child support payments can always be deducted to calculate net income. In some states, it can also be excluded from gross income.
Court ordered child support payments can only be deducted for calculating net income.Deduction
Standard Medical DeductionMonthly out of pocket medical expenses for household members who are age 60 or older or disabled can always be deducted from net income. You can deduct the full amount of expenses with verification, but in some states there is a standard medical deduction that can be used without needing verification.
You can use the standard medical deduction amount of $200 or actual medical expenses minus $35, whichever is higher.Deduction
Utility AllowancesThe utility allotments (deduction amounts) depend on your household size.
Heating and Cooling: If a household pays utility bills for heating and cooling, or receives over $20 in heating assistance from LIHEAP, this deduction amount can be claimed (but no other utility deductions).
Household Size: 1 to 3 peopleHousehold Size: 4+ people
In this state you can choose to deduct actual utility expenses.Deduction
Phone AllowanceIf your household pays a phone bill, you can deduct the associated amount.Deduction
Other DeductionsHouseholds can deduct the full amount paid for these expenses.